La participation civique et politique des jeunes en Europe : obstacles et facilitations (sous la direction de Michel Born)

6 avril 2016

participation des jeunesPrésentation : Tout le monde semble s’entendre pour reconnaître que la participation politique est en déclin et que les jeunes montrent peu d’enthousiasme, non seulement à l’idée d’aller voter, mais aussi à prendre une part active dans les partis politiques. Mais au-delà de cet apparent consensus on peut se demander, d’une part, si le constat est aussi clair pourtous les  pays d’Europe ou tous les groupes sociaux constituant « la jeunesse » et, d’autre part, quels sont les obstacles à un intérêt et une participation à la vie politique.

La recherche européenne PIDOP « Processes Influencing Democratic Ownership and Participation », fournit une occasion unique d’explorer les mécanismes, les obstacles et les facilitateurs de la participation civique et politique des jeunes.

Sommaire

  • La participation civique et politique des jeunes en Europe. Présentation [téléchargez l’introduction au format PDF]
 Michel Born
  • Le rôle de la discrimination et d’autres facteurs dans la participation politique des jeunes d’origine immigrée 
Dimitra Pachi
  • Enjeux de citoyenneté et de participation politique des jeunes à la croisée des rapports sociaux 
Claire Gavray
  • Sens de l’efficacité en tant que prérequis au maintien d’une participation civique et politique
 Sara Alfieri, Michel Born, Daniela Marzana
  • Le sentiment d’efficacité chez les jeunes peut-il faciliter le passage à l’action collective ?
 Zuzana Scott, Jan Šerek, & Petr Macek
  • L’impact de la participation dans des organisations religieuses : l’exemple des jeunes migrants d’origine turque en Allemagne
 Philipp Jugert, Peter Noack
  • Une stratégie de prévention de la radicalisation violente des jeunes
 Katrin Euer, Anke Van Vossole, Anne Groenen, Karel Van Bouchaute
  • Quelle action psycho-éducative contre la radicalisation violente chez les jeunes ? Dominique Helin, Fabienne Glowacz et Seyfi Kumlu
  • Voter à 16 ans : une idée pour contrer l’apolitisme des jeunes ? Bernard Fournier

Résumés : [accéder ici aux résumés des articles (français -anglais – espagnol)]

Commander


Non-Conventional/Illegal Political Participation of Male and Female Youths

25 octobre 2012

A new article by Claire Gavray, Bernard Fournier, and Michel Born:

Belgian data from the PIDOP project show that boys are more involved than girls in illegal political actions, namely the production of graffiti and other acts of “incivility”. These activities must be considered in both groups as complementary to conventional political and social participation and not as their opposite. The main explanatory factor is the level of the perceived efficaciousness of such actions. The lack of trust in institutions and the level of awareness of societal discrimination play no significant explanatory role. In males, the involvement level in these activities depends on feelings of personal discrimination and on the lack of freedom concerning individual choice, confirming the theory of societal vulnerability and Honneth’s theory of recognition. This level also increases along with increasing opportunities to make acquaintances and have fun in the neighbourhood. In females, this involvement is explained by the distance with regard to pro-sociality level.

Human Affairs, July 2012, Volume 22, Issue 3, pp 405-418.


PIDOP Brussels Policymakers Briefing Meeting

1 mai 2012

On April 24, the PIDOP consortium held the Policymakers Briefing Meeting in Brussels. It was a great success. We presented our recommendations to the Youth Policy at the Commission, the Citizens’ Policy from the Commission, and to the Council of Europe. There was a lot of very positive feedback from the audience in the discussion. The really good upshot of the meeting is that the project is now well and truly lodged in the minds of people from Youth Policy, which is where our real impact at the Commission itself will happen. Martyn Barrett, our project manager, has already had email exchanges with them since the meeting, and they are clearly interested in using our project as an evidence-base for policy work which they are currently doing on youth participation. So, all in all, a very good outcome.

See also: EWC and PIDOP consortium agreed on cooperation on a series of Educators’ Consultations in 2013.


2nd PIDOP Conference

19 avril 2012

I have just participated in a very challenging conference, the second « Processes Influencing Democratic Ownership and Participation » Conference, at the University of Surrey, England. I have been a member of the Liège team since the beginning of the project, in 2009. It involves 8 European states and has dealt with public policies issues, theoretical aspects of participation among minorities, and has produced a qualitative and a quantitative research in each country. We have a lot of data and only scratch the surface yet. I didn’t have time to present a substantial analysis during this conference (even if I made two interventions and chaired two panels!), but I had presented paper at the conference in Bologna last year with my colleagues from Liège («Political participation as part of youth’ everyday life in Belgium » – if you are interested in this topic, I can send you the paper).

I met a lot of interesting young researchers and I was impressed by the key note address of Judith Torney-Purta. She is a specialist of political socialisation and child development (for a good idea of her work, see « A Cross-National Analysis of Political and Civic Involvement Among Adolescents« ). She talked with me about the « beginning » of this field of research, where psychologists and political scientists worked together. She worked with Robert D. Hess (The development of Political Attitudes in Children, 1967) and David Easton. However, their views diverged after a certain time (Easton was not really interested in political socialisation as such). Political socialisation was very popular in political science until the end of the 70s, where it almost disappeared. Today, the field has been renewed by the researches on civic education, for example. This evolution is very interesting and structures my book on Political Socialisation.

Of course, I will talk more about that in the next posts!

 

Je reviens d’une conférence fort intéressante organisée par notre groupe de recherche « PIDOP » dont je fais partie depuis 3 ans. Très bonnes discussions avec des chercheurs de tous les horizons. J’ai aussi eu une belle discussion avec Judith Torney-Purta, une des premières spécialistes américaines de la socialisation politique. Ce sera utile pour mon bouquin !